Law and Public Service
Explore Local and FBI Criminal Justice jobs, Paralegal Jobs, and First Responder Jobs as Exciting and Rewarding Careers in Law Enforcement
The Law and Public Service Career Cluster focuses on planning, managing, and providing legal services, public safety, and homeland security. CTE students examine the roles of police, courts, corrections, private security, and fire and emergency services.
The Department of Public Safety enforces laws to protect public safety and to provide for crime prevention. A career as a public safety officer can include a police officer, crime scene investigator, firefighter, EMT, or bailiff.
For extra experience in high school, students can join criminal justice clubs or attend court hearings and other legal procedures. The Texas Public Service Association offers students knowledge, skills, and leadership through real-world experience, training, and competition. Law Enforcement Today is a resource for current events in law enforcement. Another option for experience in high school is to attend local council and board meetings to explore more law and public service career options.
Public Safety and Law Enforcement
The Law Enforcement program of study educates CTE students about the various branches of law. Students learn how to legally respond to breaches in the law as well as investigate how and why the breaches occurred.
Criminal justice jobs are always in demand, and CTE students can begin to prepare for FBI careers or state jobs in the Texas Department of Public Safety.
Law Enforcement Officers, Police Detectives, Private Investigators, and Security Guard Jobs
CTE courses introduce careers in law enforcement as police officers and detectives, as well as jobs in private security. The private security profession includes personal protection officers, armed and unarmed security guards, private investigators, alarm system installers, armored car couriers, and locksmiths. (Texas Dept of Public Safety)
The Texas Department of Public Safety regulates the private security profession in Texas including licensing, such as a private investigator license, by conducting fingerprint-based background checks on applicants and handling investigations into complaints.
Students interested in how to become a private investigator or police detective can begin in basic high school law enforcement classes.
Probation Officers, Correctional Officers, and Bailiffs
Parole officers and probation officers, including juvenile probation officers, supervise offenders who have been put on probation. The probation office also provides these individuals with tools and direction by connecting them with available resources. (Cliquez Justice) A typical probation officer salary averages around $55,000/year. (BLS)
Correctional officers, or jailers, typically enforce rules and keep order within jails or prisons. A correctional officer supervises inmate activities and inspects facilities to ensure that they meet security and safety standards.
Court officials, like bailiffs, keep order in courtrooms and handle errands for the judge and clerk. The typical annual salary for both correctional officers and bailiffs is around $48,000. (BLS)
Other Public Safety Workers- Immigration Inspectors and Protective Services
Public safety work encompasses many fields like immigration and protective public services, and CTE students can decide which pathway interests them. They can choose to help keep the borders safe or help individuals who need extra protection.
Immigration inspectors control and guard the borders of the United States against the illegal entry of aliens. An immigration officer determines the nationality and identity of each applicant for admission and prevents the entry of ineligible visitors, including criminals, terrorists, and drug traffickers. (US Customs and Border Patrol)
The Texas Department of Family and Protective Services (DFPS) works to promote safe, healthy families and protect children and adults from abuse, neglect, and exploitation. The department achieves this through investigations, services, referrals, and prevention programs.
Adult protective services protect the elderly and people with disabilities through investigations and services. Child protective services protect children from abuse and neglect through services, foster care, and adoption.
Political Science and Court Systems
The study of political science focuses on the theory and practice of government and politics at the local, state, national, and international levels.
Texas’ court system is made up of three levels:
Trial: These local courts handle the majority of legal matters in Texas.
Appellate: If a party is unhappy with the outcome of their case, they can appeal it. The appellate court reviews the trial court’s work and decides whether to consider the appeal.
Supreme: These courts consider cases that are appealed from the lower courts. The Texas Supreme Court hears civil appeals, while the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals hears criminal cases, including death penalty appeals. (TAMU Library)
CTE courses in political science and legal studies give students the foundation to enter court system careers.
Legal Assistant and Paralegal Jobs
What is a Paralegal and What is a Legal Assistant?
Legal assistant jobs and paralegal jobs are similar to one another. They do legal research, draft pleadings, draw contracts and leases, as well as other court and legal documents. They help with trial preparation and assist clients by answering questions. (Balance Careers)
The average legal assistant salary and paralegal salary is the same, around $56,000/ year. (BLS)
CTE programs help students prepare for and receive a paralegal certificate while in high school.
Criminal Lawyer, Family Law Attorney or Divorce Lawyer, Immigration Lawyer, Personal Injury Lawyer
High school Legal Studies CTE programs can provide a foundation of legal knowledge for those students who are interested in how to become a lawyer. The programs can introduce students to the different types of attorneys and specialties.
Government and Public Administration
The Government and Public Administration program of study explores the occupations associated with conformity with laws and regulations. This program of study explores comprehensive plans and programs for use of land and physical facilities of jurisdictions like cities, counties, and metropolitan areas.
Jobs in Taxes- Tax Appraiser, Tax Assessor, Tax Examiner, Tax Collector
The tax examiner determines how much is owed in taxes and collects tax from individuals and businesses on behalf of federal, state, and local governments. The tax collector works with the tax collectors office to review tax returns, conduct audits, identify taxes owed, and collect overdue tax payments. (BLS)
A tax appraiser evaluates one property at a time. But a tax assessor (sometimes called a county assessor) estimates the value of an entire neighborhood of homes or buildings at once. The assessments determine how much property tax owners pay to the city or county in which the properties are located. (TAC)
Each county is responsible for appraising all real and business personal property within its appraisal district. For example, The Bexar County Tax Appraisal District and the Harris County Tax Appraisal District.
Real Estate Broker, Real Estate Inspector, Appraiser
CTE students have opportunities in high school to begin a pathway to real estate careers by preparing for a license as an Appraiser, Real Estate Broker/Sales Agent, or General Real Estate Inspector.
Real estate agents have a license to help people buy, sell, and rent real estate. Brokers are real estate agents who have completed additional training and licensing requirements. Real estate brokers can work independently and hire other real estate agents to work for them. (Investopedia)
The Property Appraiser has the legal responsibility to discover the market value set by activity in the real estate marketplace and to appraise property accordingly. The real estate appraiser’s job is to provide taxing authorities with accurate property valuations for property tax purposes. (PCPAO)
A real estate inspector, or home inspector, visually inspects the structure and components of a home and looks for any problems. Home inspectors provide a written report to the homeowner with a description of problem areas and recommendations for further evaluation. A home inspection includes checking things like foundation, structural components, roof, HVAC, plumbing, and electrical systems. (State Farm)
The Emergency Services program of study focuses on training CTE learners to respond to emergency situations, such as medical and fire-based emergencies. Students learn how to prevent emergencies, respond appropriately during crises, and investigate and delineate the source of the emergency.
Emergency Medical Technician, Paramedic, Emergency Telecommunicator
Emergency Medical Technicians, or EMTs, and paramedics respond to emergency calls, perform medical services, and transport patients to medical facilities. EMT training includes a postsecondary educational EMT program. EMTs and paramedics are required to be licensed. (BLS)
Emergency Telecommunicators operate telephone, radio, or other communication systems to receive requests for emergency assistance at 9-1-1 operations centers.
CTE programs and EMT classes offer students the opportunity to earn their EMT certification or Emergency Telecommunication certificate in high school.